POE Question 1


Definition of digital divide

Association amongst people and computers has expanded as we are in the 21st century .The ability to get to computers has become increasingly important to participate  in the economic, political and social parts of the world. Not everybody has access to this technology. The idea of the “digital divide”  refers to the developing the gap between the poor, rural, elderly, and  handicapped portion of the  population who do not have access to computers and rich people who have access .

WhatIS. (2016). Digital divide . Available at : http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/digital-devide. Accessed [06 November 2016}

Definition of social capital

  • Social capital may be defined as those resources permanent in social relations which advance collective action. Social capital resources include trust, standards, and
  • networks of association representing any group which assemble usually for a common purpose.

Definition of Knowledge Capital

  • Knowledge capital is measured as the estimation of copyrights, trademarks and licenses and it is characterized as the contribution to generation that gives the premise to item separation.
  • Ref:
  • *Lakatos, C. (undated). Knowledge Capital, Product Differentiation and Market Structure: a Comparative Static CGE Analysis. From: https://www.usitc.gov/research_and_analysis/documents/Lakatos_KnowledgeCapital_0.pdf (Accessed 29 May 2016)

Definition of Human capital

  • Human Capital is defined as skills that work force has and is regarded as a resource or an asset. It includes the opinions that there are investors in people, for example Health and Education and these investments increase an individual’s productiveness

Ref : Diebolt, C & Haupert, M 2014. HUMAN Capital Available at : hhtp://scholar.havard.edu/files/goldin/files/human_capital_handbook_of_cliometrics_0.pdf  .Acessed :06 November 2016

Discuss the correlation between divide and human capital.

  • The Digital divide is a result of the IT Revolution and research has associated it with the ‘rewiring of the human brain’. It introduces the idea of human capital and presents some of the methods employed in the literature. It also investigates the potential change, due to the digital divide, in the metabolic example of a society related with ‘quality’ changes of the Human Activity.
  • *IORGULESCU, R. 2015. HUMAN CAPITAL, THE DIGITAL DIVIDE, AND THE POSSIBLE CONNECTION TO THE FLOW-FUND ANALYSIS OF SOCIOECONOMIC METABOLISM. From: http://www.utgjiu.ro/revista/ec/pdf/2015-01.Volumul%201/01_Iorgulescu%20Raluca.pdf. (Accessed 30 May 2016)


  • Knowledge capital can be said to be the intangible asset that represents valuable ideas, methods, processes and other intuitive talents that belong to a company.
  • Some of the most sought after capital is knowledge capital.
  • Knowledge capital is dependent on people, not work of machines, which means companies that want to grow and maintain knowledge capital must grow and maintain talent in their employees
  • Given the value that knowledge capital adds to a company, it is clear that the digital divide would impact on the company’s competitive advantage, as well as the other talents a company displays.

How can we assist to government to solve the issues around access

  • *Reconsider and improve social welfare services and financing.
  • *Improve and increase early childhood development.
  • *Grow social support and enlarge the scope of the contributory social security system.
  • *Develop the capabilities of communities to attain sustainable livelihoods and household food security.
  • *Build up coordination, incorporation, planning, monitoring and evaluation of services. South Africa has made excellent improvements in building social organisations and promoting a new single national identity, and work is progressing in this regard.
  • Resources:
  • Anon (no date). Social Development | South African Government. From: http://www.gov.za/about-sa/social-development (Accessed: 30 May 2016).




Users who engage and collaborate with in social media tools such as Facebook twitter we are in an act of building a social capital. In addition our social



POE Question 2

In this passage I will attempt to discuss the groundbreaking archeological findings (Homo Naledi) by Professor Lee Berger from Wits University, this will focus on the reason why this Homo naledi was at first, and also the importance of this Homo to those who found this species.

Homo Naledi is species which was found in Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system. According to the Scientists this is a Humanlike which is more similar to Homo erectus, Homo habilis or Homo rudolfensis, this is because of its body mass and small body like Humanlike, while it’s cranial is unique from other species.

There is many question about this, and some of them is when, where does this fit in Family tree, and how did those bones get in that deepest cave? Tucker and hunter worked through this by holding single arm and extend the other one on top of the head. By dropping themselves they found themselves at another little place less than eight inches wide. During 1990s, Lee Berger got a job at University of the Witwatersrand which he had to search for fossils, and this is shifted to Great Rift Valley of East Africa.

Lee Berger focused on what will have shed the light on outstanding of human evolution which origin our genus, Homo between two million and three million years ago. This brought the findings of apelike Australopithecus, this brought forward the findings of most popular Lucy, which was discovered in Ethiopia in 1974, which is followed by Homo erectus which According to Scientist was able to make wielding of tools, and fire making which they believed had big brain like ours.

Why Lee Berger was the most appearing Scientist when it comes to this Findings? This Scientist believed and argued that South Africa is the only smallest place where this evolution happened mostly, According to him the Evolution started at South Africa and escaped out of Africa and that resulted to Evolution.

The question is why are this findings important according to Scientists? This Findings According to Scientists is based on Evolution, by this Scientists try to prove that the Human population that we see today is from evolution, which is Scientists belief, while is against the Christian belief, and this bring confusion to most of people in our generation because in schools we being taught that which is against the Bible. This leaves with no answer to all of this theories because the one and only creator is GOD.


Evolution, William Harcout- Smith, Cranium, mandible, and Dentition(DH1, DH2, DH3, DH4, DH5, UW. 101-377)


POE Question 3

Benefits of social technologies:

-Increased communication

-Helps in building social relationships

Social media usually does not replace normal relationships

it helps them grow

-Allows people to stay in touch

-Allows to people to network

-Helps build communities

People can find support from other people with

similar interests, problems etc.

-Social media can be very empowering

-It is a great way to learn

-Often teaches team work

-Allows people to create a very positive image


Risk of Social Media

-Can be addictive or distracting

-Communication can be used for bad reasons just as it can be used for good reasons


Immoral activities

-Leaves a permanent trail, so can be bad if users don’t use it for good

Can affect school admissions, job interviews or can even

get you fired or expelled



6 November 2016 slideshare.net www page


POE Question 4

Code of Conduct:

Points of netiquette:

  1. Remember the human – Do not forget that the person reading your communication is actually a person with real feelings and get offended. Never say anything online that would not say to the person’s face.
  2. Behave the same way online like you behave in real life, have ethics and remember breaking the law is bad netiquette.
  3. Know where you are on the internet, if you are in a formal forum then your netiquette should be that of respect. In a chat room your netiquette will be more casual.
  4. Respect other people’s time and bandwidth, especially when sharing files or documents. Make sure your read the FAQs first before asking redundant questions. If you don’t agree with a group’s discussion, don’t waste time telling them how stupid they are. Walk away.
  5. Make yourself look good online. Check grammar and spelling before you post. A lot of people judge one’s intelligence based your grammar and spelling. Only post things you know about.
  6. Share expert information, offer answers and help others where you can.
  7. Help keep flames under control, do not respond to flame-bait, don’t post grammar or spelling flames and apologise if you done so.
  8. Respect other people’s privacy – don’t give out other people’s details, online or offline
  9. Don’t abuse your power – the more power you have, the more important it is how you use it.
  10. Forgive others of their mistakes. We were all once beginners and should accept that everyone has to start somewhere.


  1. If these rules are not followed, the first step would be sending an automatic email to the user stating that they broke the rules.
  2. The next time would be to limit their time to access to the internet.
  3. If the rules are continued to be disobeyed they would need to attend a disciplinary hearing.
  4. If the previous step has not corrected their actions, then the final step would be to take legal actions against the user.

How to enforce this:

Have a way for other users to report users who are not using the network for appropriate reasons so that the company can be aware of mis-conduct.


It is important when making research to always reference your work. Evaluator should keep a look out for referencing to make sure user hasn’t plagiarised their work.


6 November 2016 weebly.com www page



POE Question 7


  • Ransomware
  • The internet of things
  • Cyber-espionage
  • Insecure passwords
  • Cyber theft increases

A lot of people complain that their online accounts has being hacked, but is this really happing. But this things are done so easily because hackers don’t just use magic. Many people or most are reusing passwords for same accounts without changing the passwords and this is very dangerous because many websites like link in and eHarmony have had their passwords data-base lacked. Attackers can try these email address username and passwords combinations on other website and gain access to many accounts

Lot of people are reusing passwords for their email accounts which be more risky because your email account could be used to reset all your passwords. Attackers gained access to it however good you are at keeping your passwords you cannot be able to control how well this services you are using do secure your passwords because if you reuse all your passwords and one company slips up on your accounts will be at risk you must use different passwords.

The only way to make this go or avoid this you have to perform a required software updates for your operating system and web browser. Install a firewall on your computer, change your passwords often, purchase or download anti-virus software, delete emails from unknown sources